What is Project Scope Management and Why is it Important?
It’s every project manager’s dream that the project goes on smoothly from initiation to completion, without delays and exceeding budgets. But, that rarely happens in reality.
Even if you discuss and plan out all the details in advance with all the stakeholders involved, there’s always something that changes the scope of the project during its course. In fact, scope creep is a huge concern for project managers, affecting 52% of the projects.
By managing the scope of the project, you can document everything required to achieve the project goal and avoid issues like scope creep. This process helps in deciding and controlling what is a part of the project and what isn’t.
What is project scope management?
Project scope management is a process that helps in determining and documenting the list of all the project goals, tasks, deliverables, deadlines, and budget as a part of the planning process. In project management, it is common for a big project to have modifications along the way.
With the scope in the project management defined right in the beginning, it becomes much easier for teams to manage and make the required changes.
How is project scope defined?
Project scope is a part of the planning process that documents specific goals, deliverables, features, and budgets. The scope document details the list of activities for the successful completion of the project.
The scope is defined by understanding the project requirements and the client’s expectations. The scope statement usually contains
- constraints and
Project scope statement
The project scope statement is also called scope document or the statement of work and it details all the boundaries of the project while also establishing the responsibilities of the team. It defines all the procedures that need to be followed for verifying and approving the finished work. The scope statement documentation gives team members a definitive guideline for making project-related decisions.
When documenting the scope of a project, team members and stakeholders have to be as specific as possible to avoid scope creep, a situation where some parts of the project end up taking more time and effort than initially discussed due to miscommunication or poor planning.
With effective project scope management, teams are able to ensure that the project is finished by the set deadlines and the final product aligns with the initial requirements.
Importance of project scope management
For a project manager, managing the expectations of the stakeholders and clients is one of the most challenging tasks. With a definite project scope, managers can easily stay on track and ensure that all the deadlines are being followed throughout the project life cycle.
A well-defined project scope management helps avoid common issues like:
- Constantly changing requirements
- Pivoting the project direction when you are already mid-way
- Realizing that the final outcome isn’t what was expected
- Going over the discussed budget
- Falling behind the project deadlines
Effective project scope management gives a clear idea about the time, labor, and cost involved in the project. It helps to distinguish between what is needed and what isn’t needed for accomplishing the project.
Scope in project management also establishes the control factors of the project to address elements that might change during the project lifecycle.
Project scope management process
Let’s discuss the six process involved in accurately identifying the project scope management:
1. Planning scope management
In the first step, you create a scope plan document that you can refer to in the later stages. The document mainly helps in defining, managing, validating, and controlling the project’s scope.
- Detailed project scope statement
- Breakdown of all the project requirements
- Expected project deliverables
- Change control process
The document doesn’t have to be very detailed, it just has to fit the purpose. You can also use a previous project’s scope management plan as a reference for this.
2. Collecting requirements
The next step is to workout stakeholder requirements and expectations. You will be required to document all the project requirements, expectations, budgets, and deliverables through interviews, surveys, and focus groups.
This is a rather important step because more often than not, stakeholders can have unrealistic requirements or expectations and the project managers would be required to step in to find a solution that is acceptable by everyone from avoiding project delays.
At the end of the collection requirements stage, you should have the following:
- Functional as well as non-functional requirements
- Stakeholder requirements
- Business requirements
- Support and training requirements
- Project requirements
3. Defining the scope
At this step, you need to turn your requirements into a well-detailed description of the service or product that you are trying to deliver through the project. You will then have a project scope statement that you can then refer to throughout your project.
While it is important to list what is in the scope of the project, it is just as important to note down what is out of the project scope. Any kind of inclusions to the scope would then have to go through the entire change control process to ensure the team is only working on things that they are supposed to work on.
With a defined scope, you get a reference point for your project team and anyone else involved. In case there is something that is not involved in the scope, it doesn’t need to be completed by the team.
4. Making a work breakdown structure
A work breakdown structure (WBS) is a document that breaks down all the work which needs to be done in the project and then assigns all the tasks to the team members. It lists the deliverables that need to be completed and their respective deadlines as well.
You can use project management software for this step of the process to assign and prioritize tasks which will make it easier to track the entire progress of the project and avoid any unnecessary bottlenecks.
5. Validating scope
In this step, the scope and deliverables that you have recorded need to be sent to project executives and stakeholders to get the necessary approvals. Scope validation needs to be done before starting the project to ensure that if something goes wrong then it is easy to find where it went wrong.
6. Controlling scope
Project managers need to ensure that as the project begins, it always stays within the defined scope. In case there are some things that need to change, then the proper change control process should be followed.
Setting a defined project scope allows teams to manage their entire work in a streamlined way. With the help of project management software like Kissflow Project, an effective project scope helps start the project on the right foot and makes sure it is delivered in a timely manner and within budget while meeting the end-user expectations.