Application development has revolutionized apps the way we live our lives. Everything is now possible with just a few taps, from ordering food and booking a ride to making businesses perform their tasks more efficiently. Applications, more commonly known simply as "apps," are a type of software that perform a set of functions. These apps can be built for various platforms, including Android, iOS, and Windows.
In today's digital age, apps have become essential. Whether for entertainment, communication, or productivity, there is an app for almost everything. The IDC estimates that over 500 million apps will be developed by 2023.
Table of Contents
- What is application development?
- What are the main steps in application development?
- How is app development different from software development?
- What are the types of application development?
- What are the benefits of developing applications?
- Examples of apps developed for businesses
- What does the future of app development look like?
- Develop faster, smarter, and better apps with Kissflow
What is application development?
Application development also known as app development is the process of planning, designing, creating, testing, and deploying a software application to perform various business operations.It can be done by massive organizations with large teams working on projects, or by a single freelance developer. Application development defines the process of how the application is made and generally follows a standard methodology.
There are lots of factors that go into how application development is done. You must consider the size of the project, how specific the requirements are, how much the customer will want to change things, how large the development team is, how experienced the development team is, and the deadline for the project.
What are the main steps in application development?
The app development process is complex and multi-staged, requiring careful planning, designing, building, testing, and launching. It is a collaborative effort that involves different teams and professionals working together to create an app that meets the needs and expectations of users.
App development is linked with the software development life cycle. The basic stages and steps of app development SDLC are as follows
1. Planning and research
In this stage, the app's purpose must be clearly laid out to all parties. Developers research hardware and software requirements, marketers study feasibility and demand on the market, and business teams analyze competition and opportunities for growth, among other things.
2. Design and prototyping
Developers define a design to satisfy the requirements. They usually start on paper with draft sketches. They can then create wireframes to visualize the app's structure better and create a prototype to identify potential problems.
3. Code development
Developers now write the code the app needs to function as intended based on the iterations and initial testing. This stage has two types of development: front-end development—the user side that includes UX and UI; and back-end development, which is the server side.
4. Testing and optimization
The app undergoes formal testing with users to verify the functions and usability of the app and identify user difficulties that may have been overlooked during prototyping.
5. Release and maintenance
Once testing is done, the app can now undergo final production and be released. After deployment, the team needs to monitor for possible bugs or other issues and respond to them quickly. Changes and enhancements to the app can be done after release, but they must undergo strict testing and control to measure their effectiveness.
How is app development different from software development?
App development and software development are two distinct areas, although they share some similarities. The key differences between app development and software development are:
Focused on design, user experience, and customizable features.
Focused on implementing the right codes and meeting the quality standards.
The process involves strategy, design and branding, coding and development, launch, maintenance and optimization.
The process involves conceiving, specifications, designing, programming, documenting, testing, and launching.
Apps are generally designed to perform specific tasks and are usually simpler.
Software applications have a broader range of features and capabilities.
App development usually has a faster release cycle, with updates, and new versions released more frequently.
Software development has relatively longer release cycle as it involves intense coding and specifications to be met.
What are the types of application development?
Following are the various types of applications that can be developed.
Rapid app development
Rapid Application Development (RAD) is a more flexible method of app development that focuses on speeding up the development process without compromising quality. In this approach, developers can accelerate their feedback, make multiple iterations, and roll out updates without starting from scratch every time. This helps in achieving a more quality-focused output that also meets the demands of end-user requirements. Keeping speed and agility as precedence, RAD enables developers to deliver project outcomes in a matter of weeks or even days.
Learn more: 3 RAD Examples That Show How Easy Development Can Be
Custom app development
Custom app development is a tailored method of designing and deploying applications for specific users to fulfill business requirements. This app development method has a narrow focus and is opted for by organizations looking to address a particular need or objective. This approach offers functionalities that an off-the-shelf solution doesn't and gives developers the ability to create and deploy apps by precisely replicating the idea conceived.
Custom apps are mostly built by in-house developers who know the requirements in and out or outsourced to a third party.
Learn more: How to build a Custom Business App in 3 Easy
Database app development
A database application is developed with the primary focus of entering, centrally storing, and retrieving information. Managing data accumulated from multiple sources becomes time-consuming and tedious as businesses expand.
With database applications, users can define custom roles, relate data from diverse systems, launch business-specific workflows, and allow user-based authorizations.
Enterprise app development
Enterprise app development is a collaborative method of building customized applications for large enterprises to meet their complex business needs. This approach helps automate specific functionalities and processes, allowing users to perform their tasks quickly.
These enterprise low-code applications are created by analyzing and incorporating the end user's needs, enabling businesses to scale and perform their operations hassle-free.
Learn more: App development platform for Enterprise.
Web app development
Web apps are websites that function like mobile apps. Users don't need to download a separate app, just a web browser. Among the types of apps, web app development is the cheapest and easiest to develop. The downside is that they are also the worst in UX, as they tend to be slower, have less intuitive UI design, and interact less with other device features. Web apps are not featured in app stores, so there’s low market visibility. But creating a web application is easy.
However, any web browser can still access web apps, making them accessible even on device browser functionality, such as smart TVs.
Learn more: How to build custom web apps without coding?
Citizen App Development
Citizen app development is the process of creating software applications by non-professional developers, often referred to as "citizen developers." These developers are typically individuals with little or no formal software development training but are interested in creating their own applications.
Citizen development has become increasingly popular in recent years, as low-code and no-code development tools have made it easier for non-technical individuals to create simple applications. These tools allow citizen developers to build applications by dragging and dropping pre-built components rather than writing code from scratch.
What are the benefits of developing applications?
An app can help businesses build and strengthen their brand, giving them a competitive advantage in their industry.
Improved customer engagement:
The application provides businesses with an additional channel to engage with their customers. It allows customers to access products or services quickly, receive updates, and provide feedback.
App can help businesses build and strengthen their brand by providing a platform to showcase their products or services and share their values and mission.
Applications can also help businesses improve their internal operations, allowing them to streamline processes, reduce costs, and improve productivity.
Data collection and analysis
An app can provide businesses with valuable data on user behavior and preferences, which can be used to improve marketing strategies and enhance customer experiences.
Examples of apps developed for businesses
Marketing apps: These apps help businesses improve their marketing efforts, such as social media management, email marketing, and content creation, allowing them to reach a wider audience and engage with customers more effectively.
Inventory management apps: These apps help businesses manage their inventory levels and track product availability, allowing them to reduce waste, optimize their supply chain, and improve their bottom line.
Collaboration apps: These apps help teams work together more effectively, allowing them to communicate, share files, and collaborate on projects in real time.
Project management apps: These apps help businesses manage and track their projects, including assigning tasks, setting deadlines, and monitoring progress.
Human Resource Management System apps: HRMS apps can be designed to automate and streamline various HR processes, including recruitment, onboarding, payroll, performance management, and employee engagement.
Expense tracking apps: These apps can help businesses track and manage expenses by allowing employees to capture and categorize expenses and enabling managers to approve and reimburse expenses.
What does the future of app development look like?
As businesses shift towards digital-first strategies, there is an increasing demand for app development that can support these initiatives. Especially the advent of low-code, no-code has helped reduce the reliance on traditional software development and enable faster and more cost-effective app development.
Low-code and no-code platforms enable non-technical users to create custom applications using visual interfaces and drag-and-drop components. These platforms aim to simplify and accelerate the app development process, allowing more collaboration and innovation across the organization.
By 2024, 80 percent of non-IT professionals will develop apps, with over 65 percent using low-code/no-code tools. This frees overburdened IT teams from manual, repetitive tasks to focus on more complex and critical projects.
Develop faster, smarter, and better apps with Kissflow
Kissflow's app development platform simplifies app development to cut down on costs and development time. The platform combines the entire work management spectrum into a unified experience for enterprise-wide users by embracing the low-code/no-code paradigm.
Build faster and better apps to help you digitize operations and deliver process improvements and efficiencies while enabling cross-functional collaboration.
App development FAQs
What is software application development?
Software application development means creating, designing, testing, and bug-fixing a software application from scratch for business purposes. Software Developers or programmers are responsible for the software development lifecycle (SDLC).
How does app development work?
App development involves technical skills, creative design, and project management. App developers must be proficient in programming languages, mobile platforms, and development tools and have a strong understanding of user experience design and app development best practices.
What does an application developer do?
An application developer is responsible for creating applications that run on various platforms. The specific tasks of an application developer can vary depending on the type of application they are developing, as well as the industry and company they work for
What are app development use cases?
The use cases for app development are diverse and constantly evolving as businesses continue to explore new ways to leverage technology to improve their operations. Here are some common examples- customer-facing apps, employee-facing apps, data management apps, educational apps, healthcare apps, etc.