7 ways project managers manage teams and organize projects
Whether you have years of experience or are taking on your first project, there’s a lot to manage when you’re the one in charge of making sure everything comes together. You have customers and bosses to answer to, a budget to maintain, a team to lead, and a limited amount of time to accomplish some pretty challenging goals.
You’re constantly guarding against the dangers of scope creep, interpersonal conflict, and incomplete documentation. While there’s no silver bullet to eliminate all these challenges, one factor can make a huge difference: staying organized
Benjamin Franklin is quoted as saying “For every minute spent organizing, an hour is earned.” We can’t swear to the math behind that claim, but the principle is a good one; being organized saves time and trouble in the long run.
7 ways project managers manage teams and organize projects
1. Create a project plan
The first step to staying organized is getting organized. It may be tempting to push ahead, intending to organize things as you go, but good planning is essential. To lay the groundwork for a successful, organized project, invest the necessary time into making a good project plan.
A project plan, according to the Project Management Institute, is “the document that describes how the project will be executed, monitored and controlled, and closed.” A thorough project plan offers an excellent roadmap for your whole project.
It outlines the objectives and your project scope and serves as an official point of reference for the project budget, timeline, team member roles and responsibilities, goals, deliverables, and schedule.
2. Create a project schedule
There’s a good deal of overlap between a project plan and a project schedule. The project schedule is an important part of the plan and incorporates information from the budget, goals, and deliverables in addition to the timeline. Taking all the information gathered in making your project plan, identify all the activities needed to carry out your project.
In the case of complex projects, it may be helpful to organize these tasks in the form of a Work Breakdown Structure (WBS), a chart visualizing tasks and their sub-tasks. Once you’ve listed all the activities, determine dependencies among them (which things are prerequisites of other steps) and then sequence them accordingly.
At this point, you can estimate the time and resources required for each activity and confirm that your budget and timeline are adequate. After the project schedule and plan are complete, you need strategies and project management tools to communicate them to your team and to help everyone stay on track throughout the project.
The best-laid plans can be ruined by poor execution, but the right combination of tools and best project management practices can keep your team organized for the duration of the project.
3. Start using project management software
According to one survey, just 16% of companies are making use of appropriate project management software. Another survey by Capterra found teams that have adopted project management software identify it as the single most impactful tool for effective team communication.
Many teams are still using spreadsheets for project management, and it’s crippling them. Spreadsheets can’t track time or tasks, they don’t allow you to customize for your project management methodology, and collaborating on spreadsheets is a horrendous pain.
By contrast, the right project management software will allow you to do all those things and more, in real-time, on multiple devices, from anywhere in the world.
4. Communicate well
According to the Project Management Institute, 20% of project failures are caused by poor communication. Communication and organization go hand in hand. After all, the best plan has no power if your team doesn’t hear and understand it. Establishing solid communications channels and expectations for project communication is crucial.
As a project manager, be sure to model the kind of communication you expect from all stakeholders.
5. Utilize digital kanban boards
One extremely helpful tool is the kanban system, a visual system for organizing workflows. Originally created in a Toyota Motors manufacturing plant, the method takes its name from a Japanese word meaning ‘sign’ or ‘billboard’. As different industries have implemented the kanban methodology, the system has been adapted to meet the needs of those industries.
When properly implemented, Kanban helps prevent bottlenecks, encourages incremental improvements, and balances demands against available capacity.
In a digital workspace, virtual kanban cards are created to represent tasks to be accomplished or single items that are part of a larger project. Things like “write questions for user survey” or “create a blog post from survey results”.
On a digital Kanban board, each of these items is represented by a card, and the cards are moved down a row of columns that represent the stages of your team’s workflow. Columns can be labeled To-do, Doing, Done or any sequence of steps that are specific to your process.
Utilizing Kanban board software in a digital workspace allows anyone on your team to quickly visualize the status of the project, take note of the tasks currently assigned to someone, and foresee potential delays in projects in time to communicate about and mitigate for them.
An important strength of kanban boards is the application of work-in-progress (WIP) limits. A WIP limit allows you to specify a maximum number of tasks “In Progress” at any given time, preventing unproductive multitasking and keeping priorities in order.
6. Measure progress regularly
There’s no way to know if you’re staying organized and on time if you aren’t measuring your project progress. Your project planning process included setting measurable goals and KPIs (key performance indicators). Collect data on those KPIs and run reports on a regular schedule to ensure you’re on target.
7. Be agile
The Merriam-Webster dictionary defines ‘agile’ as “marked by ready ability to move with quick, easy grace.”
In the project management guide, Agile is a methodology, “an iterative and incremental approach to delivering requirements throughout the project life cycle,” according to the Association for Project Management. “At the core, agile project management projects should exhibit central values and behaviors of trust, flexibility, empowerment, and collaboration.”
Being agile in project management means that your plan should be flexible. Staying organized doesn’t mean your plan must be rigid; establish priorities in projects and work your task list, and then look for feedback–from both your team and your data–and be ready to adjust.
With intuitive kanban boards, easy-to-use reporting features, built-in collaboration channels, and so much more, Kissflow Projects keeps you and your entire team organized. You can assign tasks to team members, set deadlines, and keep all communication under one roof. Sign up for free and get organized today.